The Celestial Sphere from Latitude 30° South

0700 Hours Sidereal Time

The sky from 30°S at 0700 hours sidereal time

This page contains a description of the stars, constellations, and deep-sky objects that can be seen in the sky at around 0700 hours sidereal time. It is assumed that the observer is located at approximately 30° latitude south.

To use the sky map, orient it so that the direction you are facing is at the bottom of the map. Zenith, the point directly overhead in the sky, is located at the centre of the map.

Looking South

The southwest is largely devoid of bright objects. Phoenix and Tucana fly along the horizon and are largely unexceptional although there is a bright star near the phoenix. This is Achernar which marks the end of the river Eridanus.

Pavo holds position above the southern horizon with the distinctive Triangulum Australe just east of it. The two bright stars further along are Rigil Kentaurus and Hadar in Centaurus which is starting to climb away from the horizon. The 'Southern Cross', Crux, is nestled within the centaur.

Near zenith is the brilliant Canopus, brightest star in Carina. Carina is the keel of the ship 'Argo' which was dismembered to form four constellations. Besides Carina, they are Puppis (the stern), Pyxis (the mariner's compass) and Vela (the sails). Directly below Canopus is the Large Magellanic Cloud and below it is the Small Magellanic Cloud. These are diffuse patches of light in the sky that look like parts of the Milky Way that have strayed but are actually satellite galaxies of our own spiral galaxy.

Just rising in the east is the zodiacal constellation Virgo. Hydra precedes her and continues on to the northern sky.

Looking North

Leo makes his appearance in the northeast. Like Orion, Leo also has to deal with the fact that he is sitting upside-down relative to southern hemisphere viewers. The bright star at his heart is Regulus. This tops an asterism which looks like an upside-down question mark. This is informally called the 'Sickle' of Leo. Gemini skirts the southern horizon with Castor and Pollux nearest the ground. Above them is Procyon of Canis Minor, Orion's smaller hunting dog. About midway between Procyon and Canopus is the brightest star in the night sky, Sirius. It is often called the 'Dog Star' as it is the brightest star in Canis Major, the large hunting dog.

Orion is marching (albeit on his head) ever westward. Betelgeuse is the reddish star in the shoulder holding the club and Rigel is the bluish star in the opposite knee of the figure. Three bright stars make up the belt of Orion and these point directly at Aldebaran in Taurus. Yellow Capella in Auriga adds to the fun show of bright northern stars as it skims the horizon. The Pleiades (M45) are soon to set in the northwest as is vague Cetus.